Who is a Jew, and how to be a Jew? To these existential questions, Esther Hayut gave a landmark response on Monday. The president of the Israeli Supreme Court announced that the state had an obligation to validate conversions carried out in Israel by rabbis from Reform Judaism. The Interior Ministry must grant Israeli citizenship to those concerned, nine out of ten judges ruled.
Their decision could herald profound changes in the way Israel views Judaism. It affects the power of the conservatives in this country, while the majority of Jews living outside Israel are affiliated with reform movements.