What Epicureanism owes to the Middle Ages

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Research Director at CNRS, specialist in Middle Ages and Renaissance philosophy, Aurélien Robert publishes at Fayard Epicurus in Hell, a book that invites us to rethink a large number of received ideas on Epicureanism and the Middle Ages. While the first is neither atheism nor a philosophy of pleasure, the second is not just a period of religious obscurantism. Perverted from the beginning of the Christian era, the thought of Epicurus is rehabilitated not thanks to the thinkers of the Renaissance, as it is believed, but to the medieval ones.

Epicurus was born in 341 BCE, on the island of Samos, Greece. Founder of a philosophical school in Athens – the School of the Garden -, he taught there his ideas such as atomism, the indifference of the gods to human affairs and pleasure as the motor and goal of our actions in view of a happy life.