Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro, where the Drina River flows, display appalling passivity. The Drina is a fairly large river, in places covered by the presence of innumerable waste. While the tributaries of this stream are also affected, humans, flora and fauna fall victim to this barely believable situation.
No recycling infrastructure
The Drina is a river flowing over 345 km and constituting a good part of the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. Its watershed covers an area of 19,926 km², ten times less than the Rhine. As explained Euronews in an article from February 19, 2021, the Drina river in Bosnia and Herzegovina disappeared under a real layer of waste, and this over a distance of several hundred meters. When the wet season arrives, the precipitation carries the waste from the wild dumpsites which are located near the banks. Moreover, the tributaries of the Drina – in Serbia and Montenegro – face the same type of problem.
Near Višegrad (Bosnia and Herzegovina), this drifting waste is retained by a rather feverish floating barrier (in metal drums). Dejan Furtula, a representative of Višegrad Eko-Centar, explains that the phenomenon has been going on for about ten years. In particular, it highlights the ingestion of microplastics by fish, which are often used as meals by humans. As for waste, collections lead to incineration, lack of recycling infrastructure that work. However, it turns out that the local population inhales the gases generated by this process.
A situation that lasts
Since January 2021, the floating barrier has already given in twice and the waste continues to drift, tirelessly. Dejan Furtula even mentions the presence of used refrigerators in the water, ending their race – like many other waste – against a hydraulic power station located downstream (see video at the end of the article). Moreover, another floating barrier is located two kilometers upstream of the first, the objective being not to disrupt the operation of the plant. Each year according to the activist, between 6,000 and 8,000 m³ of waste are collected in the area. Unfortunately, between the massive volumes of waste and a glaring lack of political will, hard to believe that this situation could quickly get better.
Some conservationists even believe this story lasts. for at least 25 years and that the three countries concerned – Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro – are passive and often go so far as to blame each other. However, the resolution of this situation would mainly involve the installation of infrastructures allowing a responsible management of these numerous wastes. This would avoid continue to pollute water and air, while ensuring that the flora and fauna regain their radiance.