The risk of obesity already plays out before birth

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Is obesity written even before birth? A growing body of scientific evidence suggests this. Most recent, a study published on February 23 in the review BMC Medicine highlights an association between the diet of mothers during pregnancy and the risk of obesity in their children.

A thousand crucial days

The work consisted of a meta-analysis of seven cohorts of 16,295 mother-child pairs from five European countries. The diet before and during pregnancy of each mother was evaluated according to quality criteria. Among these, the degree of adherence to a hypotensive diet called HYPHEN (poor in industrial products and salt, rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and certain minerals), or the inflammatory potential of foods, synonymous with poor quality. Processed processed foods, when consumed during pregnancy, are known to lead to chronic inflammation, a process increasing the risk of childhood obesity.