Saudi Arabia on Tuesday announced a 12 trillion riyal (around 2.730 billion euros) investment plan to boost its private sector by 2030, as part of the kingdom’s efforts to diversify its ultra-dependent economy petrol. This amount includes 3 trillion riyals (about 682 billion euros) from the Saudi Public Investment Fund (PIF).
The goal of creating hundreds of thousands of jobs
Twenty-four of the largest Saudi companies, including, will also contribute 5,000 billion riyals (1.13 billion euros), added Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, de facto ruler of the Saudi kingdom, during a speech broadcast by state television. These companies have agreed to lower their level of dividends in order to redirect this money to the domestic economy in exchange for financial incentives, he further explained.
The remaining 4000 billion riyals (908 billion euros) will come from a “new investment strategy” which will be announced soon, the crown prince added. This plan aims to “strengthen the private sector”, creating hundreds of thousands of jobs and providing support to local businesses, added Mohammed ben Salman.
The article of June 6, 2016:
However, its effectiveness is questioned by some experts. “It does not help the growth of the private sector to force private companies to invest in government programs to the detriment of their shareholders or their investments in their own projects,” said Ellen Wald, president of Transversal Consulting and author. from the book Saudi Inc.
Austerity measures put in place
In January, the crown prince announced that the PIF would invest 40 billion dollars (around 34 billion euros) per year in the Saudi economy for five years. The PIF had previously focused on investments in giants of the global economy.
The first economy in the Arab world, Saudi Arabia is struggling to attract foreign investment, the keystone of the Crown Prince’s Vision 2030 plan which aims to diversify the kingdom’s economy.
The unemployment rate reached 14.9% in the third quarter of 2020 in Saudi Arabia, a slight decrease from the record of 15.4% reached in the previous quarter, according to official figures.
In 2020, the double shock of the pandemic and the fall in oil prices pushed the kingdom to triple its VAT to 15% and to eliminate monthly allowances intended for civil servants to contain its budget deficit. Very unpopular among a population accustomed to government largesse, these austerity measures have been put in place even as the kingdom continues to increase its spending on mega-projects like NEOM, a futuristic megalopolis of 500. billion dollars being developed on the Red Sea.