It is done ! The Perseverance rover has just landed successfully in the Jezero crater, NASA has just announced, which has signed an incredible new feat!
On July 30, NASA’s Mars 2020 mission was launched. Its objective: to free the Perseverance rover on the surface of the red planet. After nearly seven months of travel and over 470 million kilometers traveled through space, Perseverance finally landed in Jezero crater, as planned.
Seven minutes of terror
The actual entry, descent and landing process took place in just seven minutes (the most risky of the mission).
The first milestone of this event occurred at around 9:38 p.m. French time, when the rover’s capsule detached from the probe. About ten minutes later, the capsule began to traverse the atmosphere of Mars at nearly 20,000 km / h, before starting to slow down. A huge parachute then opened to further brake the capsule.
Finally, the descent stage successfully detached from the parachute as it approached the surface, before suspending the rover at the end of three cables at 21 meters above the ground. These three cables were then cut as soon as the rover’s wheels touched the ground. Seconds after landing, Perseverance sent us this photo, the first in a long list to come:
Once operational, its objectives will be to characterize the site, explore Martian geology, measure the atmospheric and meteorological properties of the planet, but also to search for traces of microbial life having once evolved on the planet. In the meantime, the American agency will hold a press conference tomorrow at around 7 p.m. (French time) to provide an update on the mission. Stay tuned !