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Discovery of “the greatest ancient city” of Egypt

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A team of archaeologists announces the discovery of new buried ruins near Luxor, Egypt. There are more than 3000, under the reign of Amenhotep III then of Tutankhâmon, one of the largest ancient city of the country stood here.

The first excavations were undertaken a few months ago, in September 2020, between the temples of Ramses III and Amenhotep III near Luxor. At the time, archaeologists focused on finding a mortuary temple. Very quickly, they realized that the place had a lot more to offer them.

The greatest discovery since Tutankhamun

From the first weeks, clay brick formations in good condition began to appear, to the surprise of researchers. Little by little whole revealed walls rose up. On site, objects, jewelry and pottery bearing the seal of Amenhotep III were also found, confirming the dating of the site, built more than 3,400 years ago.

This ancient city, the largest of ancient Egypt, consisted of “three royal palaces (…) as well as the administrative and manufacturing center of the Empire“, Can we read in a press release.

Archaeologists have also unearthed a “food preparation area” with a “bakery“, a “administrative district” and one “workshop” of construction. According to the excavator, Zahi Hawass: “the streets of the city were also “lined with houses… some of which were up to three meters high.“.

Pottery and bricks were found bearing seals from Amenhotep’s cartouche. Credits: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities

The discovery of this lost city is the second most important archaeological discovery since Tutankhâmon’s tomb“, Said Betsy Brian of Johns Hopkins University, quoted in the press release. In particular, it will allow “to offer us a rare glimpse into the life of the ancient Egyptians during the most prosperous hours of the (New) Kingdom“.

A visit in the presence of the media is already scheduled for today (April 10). New information will thus be communicated.

luxor egypt
Credits: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities

Revive the tourism industry

The discovery of these ancient structures, described as the “lost golden city of Luxor”, comes just days after the parade spectacular twenty-two chariots carrying mummies of kings and queens of ancient Egypt through Cairo to reach the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC).

Last November, Egypt also revealed a hundred sarcophagi over 2,000 years old in perfect condition, discovered in the necropolis of Saqqarah south of Cairo.

A few weeks ago, archaeologists announced, this time, the discovery of the oldest industrial brewery in the world, before moving on to the oldest pet cemetery unearthed in the country.

With all these discoveries, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities intends to revive the country’s tourism industry – heckled by years of political instability linked to the “Arab Spring” of 2011, then by the Covid-19 pandemic – by promoting its ancient heritage.



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