Almost twenty years ago, the People’s Republic of China made a discreet return to the concert of nations by joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 11, 2001. China thus reappeared on the international scene, floating in a costume a little too big for it, that of an empire and a thousand-year-old culture that Mao had brought to their ruin. If its area and its population still left it with heavy weight measurements, in reality it only had the punch and reach of a featherweight. At the time, its gross domestic product was just over $ 1 trillion, or 2% of global GDP, and its per capita income was hovering around $ 1000.
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